Friday, May 15, 2020

Healing Societal Issues Through Transcendentalism - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1809 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2019/07/01 Category Philosophy Essay Level High school Topics: Transcendentalism Essay Did you like this example? In the late eighteenth century, romanticism swept through Europe and eventually the rest of the world, which ultimately played a key factor in influencing the philosophical movement known as transcendentalism that was created in the United States. Transcendentalism brought numerous new ideas and beliefs to the world that were extremely significant in helping men and women of all races stand up for their rights and freedom. All throughout history and even to this day, we see examples of transcendentalist beliefs used to battle the societal issues of the time. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Healing Societal Issues Through Transcendentalism" essay for you Create order Many societies in the past and modern day contain individuals that respond to the issues of the time by harnessing three major transcendentalist virtues such as individualism, idealism, and the divinity of nature which all cast key parts in the individuals role. Individualism in transcendentalism is the belief that oneself is most successful when they are self-reliant and independent from any institution within society such as organized religion, government, and any other administration that would cause that person to not freely think for themselves. Ralph Waldo Emerson, author of Self Reliance,was a major leader of the American transcendentalist movement. Like many others, Emerson believed that if a man did not independently think, then his mind would be poisoned because his thoughts would not be his own values and beliefs. People need to think for themselves instead of being confined by the rules of society set up by conformists. Whoso would be a man must be a nonconformist. He who would after immortal palms must not be hindered by the name of goodness, but must explore if it be goodness. Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind (Emerson 59). Emerson uses a biblical reference in his essay Self Reliance so the reader can relate to the story and truly understand what he is trying to convey. The immortal palms are in reference to when Jesus rode into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday. Jesus was a man who was beloved and celebrated, however, he was also despised because his thoughts and ideas were different from the ones everyone else shared. People who want to gather immortal palms or do something that is worthy of rejoicing cannot be restrained by what is good and bad according to society. To succeed you have to play off of your own intuition and follow what you think is right, even if it means going against authority or power. Individualism is an extremely important aspect in the role of the individual in a society that responds to the issues of the time. Without Individualism we lose our unique identities, thoughts, opinions, beliefs, and virtues, therefore it would be impossible for an individual to take the role of addressing the issues in society because there is a lack of personal conscience. Before the romanticism period, there was a movement called the age of reason that took place between 1750 and 1800. This was a period of exploration and pursuit of knowledge however society was extremely strict and dull. At the beginning of the transcendentalism movement, the leaders hoped to stop these old attitudes towards life and make society enjoyable and full of wonder and awe. This was accomplished through idealism. In transcendentalism, idealism is the emphasis on cr eative thinking, raising questions, and innovation. Idealism was especially important in pre-Civil War America because African Americans and women were denied the same rights as white men and a new culture of raising questions allowed people to finally start asking why cant everyone be equal?. Sojourner Truth was an African American abolitionist and a womens rights activist who fully embraced idealism because she created her own ideas which she believed in and wanted to fight for. Truth spoke about her opinions and ideas in her speech Aint I A Woman, which took place on May 29, 1851, at a Womens Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio. If my cup wont hold but a pint, and yours holds a quart, wouldnt you be mean not to let me have my little half-measure full? (Truth 99). During this time period, white men owned everything, therefore, Sojourner Truth wanted to raise questions. If white men have all the control in life and women barely have any opportunity, is it not cruel to constantly deny this group of people rights and freedom? By asking this, Truth appeals to ethos ultimately bringing her closer to the audience and building up her character and self-virtue. Then that little man in black there, he says women cant have as much rights as men, cause Christ wasnt a woman! Where did your Christ come from? Where did your Christ come from? From God and a woman! Man had nothing to do with Him. (Truth 99) Sojourner Truth knows that most of her audience follows Christianity. By bringing up Mary, the mother of God, she appeals to logos by showing people in the audience a woman who can be trusted in a position of power. Raising questions such as Truth did plants the seed of doubt towards societal norms in listeners minds, which creates more questions to be asked and support towards her cause. Idealism consistently allows people to challenge things that they dont think are right and just. An individual needs to be able to ask questions and think creatively to address problems in society. Without Idealism, issues in our world would never be resolved because no one would consider asking if something was right or wrong which is why idealism is an extremely important aspect in an individuals role in responding to issues in society. Transcendentalists did not believe in organized religion because it does not allow individuals to freely think due to the set of rules, ideas, and beliefs put in place by others. However people of transcendentalism thrived for extremely spiritual lives and believed that it was of the utmost importance to connect with nature because it is sacred. The divinity of nature for transcendentalists means that human beings should never interfere or try to control nature, their fate, or the universe and rather leave it be and let divine nature take its course as God or the Divine intended it. All human beings, male and female, were created equally in the eyes of the divine. When people disobey this, acting in an arrogant or egoistic way and turn to corruption or greed, they are trying to control nature and change fundamentals that they have no control over which breaks the relationship between nature and the soul. In Chief Seathls letter to The President of The United States, there are strong representations of corruption and greed in one group, the white men, while the Native Americans have grand amounts of respect for the divinity of nature. The President in Washington sends word that he wishes to buy our land. But how can you buy or sell the sky? The land? The idea is strange to us. If we do not own the freshness of the air and the sparkle of the water, how can you sell them? Every part of this earth is sacred to my people. Every shining pine needle, every humming insect. All are holy in the memory and experience of my people. (Seathl 75) Chief Seathl makes it understood that his people have extreme gratitude for natures beauty and sacredness. His detail when describing each aspect of the land they have come to know shows that he and his people take the divinity of nature very seriously while the Americans depict gluttony. In 1852 the United States was heavily focused on westward expansion ultimately driving Native American tribes out of the land they were living on. The Americans wanted to buy the land from the natives and this baffled many of the tribes because, in their the eyes, the land was not something they could just buy. They believed that we are guests on this earth and it is not our right to be here, it is a privilege and we need to be respectful of nature, which all human beings are apart of. All things are connected. Whatever befalls earth befalls the sons of the earth (Seathl 75). At the time, America is creating all this violence and corrupting its population through greedy and egotistical ways. Chief Seathl understood that his people who carry out the values of divine nature were far outnumbered so he includes this warning that whatever hurts the earth will one day hurt man. According to transcendentalist values, nature is sacred and in order for human beings to live a successful and happy life, one must have a strong connection towards nature which allows that person to understand that everything in life is connected and happens for a reason. When people decide to take different paths in life and break this code, corruption and violence rise which creates issues within society. The divinity of nature is not just a key virtue specific to transcendentalism. The first representation of divine nature takes place in the Holy Bible. In Peters second epistle, he tells the reader that the opposite of divine nature is corruption in the world (2 Peter 1:4). Peter says that if we take part in divine nature then Gods promises, also known as the covenants between God and his people, wi ll be true. These promises are peace among everyone and eternal life. Like Chief Seathl and Peter the Apostle, individuals need to continue the job of spreading the word and living true to the divinity of nature to be able to resolve and respond to issues in the world. As said in the Bible, if all men and women take part in divine nature, peace in the world can thrive which is why this is such an important aspect that supports an individuals role towards responding to issues of the time. There have been individuals in the past and in the present have had great success in upholding the role of responding to issues within society. Many of these individuals portray characteristics that are in line with transcendentalism. By knowing the importance of a persons ability to think independently and challenge social norms, while also understanding how to properly connect with nature and treat the environment around them, an individuals job in addressing and resolving issues within society become more transparent. Embracing the three major transcendentalist virtues which are individualism, idealism and the divinity of nature allow each and every one of us the opportunity to one day become that individual. Work Cited https://mettahu.wordpress.com/2013/09/09/we-should-have-listened-to-chief-seattle/ https://www.lds.org/new-era/2014/10/to-the-point/what-does-divine-nature-really-mean?lang=eng https://www.allabouthistory.org/age-of-reason.htm https://study.com/academy/answer/how-does-civil-disobedience-reflect-ideas-of-transcendentalism.html https://www.sparknotes.com/philosophy/civildisobedience/summary/ https://www.quora.com/Why-is-individualism-important-Is-it-good-for-society https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-emerson-mean-by-saying-immortal-palms-self-569780 https://www.ascensionnow.co.uk/chief-seattles-letter-to-the-american-president-1852.html https://study.com/academy/lesson/the-american-transcendentalists-values-lesson-quiz.html https://prezi.com/w15bryv1wtcf/aint-i-a-woman-by-sojourner-truth-analysis/ https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-deeper-meaning-this-quote-self-reliance-259488

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Problem of Induction Essay - 1214 Words

In the selection, ‘Skeptical doubts concerning the operations of the understanding’, David Hume poses a problem for knowledge about the world. This question is related to the problem of induction. David Hume was one of the first who decided to analyze this problem. He starts the selection by providing his form of dividing the human knowledge, and later discusses reasoning and its dependence on experience. Hume states that people believe that the future will resemble the past, but we have no evidence to support this belief. In this paper, I will clarify the forms of knowledge and reasoning and examine Hume’s problem of induction, which is a challenge to Justified True Belief account because we lack a justification for our†¦show more content†¦This kind of division also can be called as â€Å"Hume’s fork†. Relation of ideas are a priori which are â€Å"intuitively or demonstratively certain† and â€Å"discoverable by the mere operation s of thoughts† (Hume, 1748, p.422). In this group, we can include mathematical ideas and math proofs, for example, statement like two plus two equals four. So, the denial of such statements is inconceivable and logically impossible. For example, we can think about the triangle and we all know that it has three sides. Later, we can imagine a triangle with four sides and immediately face a contradiction because four-sided figure is rectangle. This statement is a priori true for the reason that it has nothing to do with the external world and gives us no information back about the world. The second kind is â€Å"matters of facts† which is a posteriori. â€Å"Matters of facts† are statements that give us knowledge about the world and the sources providing knowledge for these statements are â€Å"the present testimony of our senses† and â€Å"the record of our memory† (Hume, 1748, p.423). Statements of this group and the denial of these statements are no t self-contradictory and conceivable. For example, we can tell that the house of my neighbors is yellow, and we can easily conceive this statement as true, but we can at the same time conceive it as false, and imagine their house in blueShow MoreRelatedThe Problem Of Induction And Induction2197 Words   |  9 PagesThe problem of induction is a question that challenges the justification of premises and their conclusions. It also gathers empirical evidence through observations and experiences and questions their validity concerning circumstances that happen every day. In fact, Hume, one of the philosophers discussed in this paper says, that to claim something as â€Å"more probable† is invalid because the assumption that the past will predict the future is still required. One of the questions posed by the problemRead MoreThe Problem Of Induction And Its Metaphysical Implications1474 Words   |  6 PagesThe problem of induction and its metaphysical implications. The pursuit of knowledge and the desire to understand our world in terms of what is and what it is like has been the endeavor of mankind for centuries. One of the main methods used in order understand the reality presented to us is inductive inference. While humanity has no doubt advanced by employing inductive inference, the problem of induction, recognized by David Hume (1711-1776) forces us to question if induction is a justifiableRead MoreThe Problem Of Induction, And Can It Be Solved?1513 Words   |  7 PagesWhat is the problem of induction, and can it be solved? In this essay, I will highlight the problems of induction and critically assess them – arguing that. Inductive inference is not a way of reaching rationally justified conclusions; it is a leap in the dark (Jones, 1969). Inductive inferences are used throughout daily life, where we use past events to make predictions of future ones – moving from specific direct knowledge to general indirect knowledge. 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The Problem of induction was introduced by David Hume inRead MoreInduction And Induction : Induction1470 Words   |  6 PagesInduction is one of the most prominent concepts within the modern scientific community. Throughout many fields; from computer science to psychology, induction is used as a way to find the most probable result of an observation. However, despite its widespread use, induction has never been effectively proved. Currently, the only way to prove induction is through more induction. Since induction can only be proved through itself, can that mean induction does not work at all? Is it even possible to showRead MoreInduction As A General Law Or Principle From The Observation Of Particular Instances ( Induction )1707 Words   |  7 PagesThe Oxford English Dictionary refers to induction as, the process of inferring a general law or principle from the observation of pa rticular instances (Induction). Despite their reasoning’s, philosophers such as Hume and Popper have publicly voiced their disagreement and concerns with induction. Hume’s concern with casual connection and the uncertainty of something when individual has not personally experienced that given experience has lead me to contemplate the arguments brought forward by bothRead MoreSystem Theory Application For A Middle Georgia Labor And Delivery Unit1624 Words   |  7 Pagesdesigns will recognize potential problems and require adjustments in order to fine tune or maximize it productivity. The purpose of this paper is to describe the labor and delivery unit at Houston Healthcare using systems theory terminology. This paper will also identify a potential problem within the unit using an open- systems approach, and state where the problem exists using the systems theory model. Lastly, this article will explain a proposed resolution to the problem that would uphold the orga nization’sRead MoreInduction Motor Speed Control System1727 Words   |  7 Pages Induction Motor Speed Control Han Tang Faculty of Engineering and Information Technologies The University of Sydney Student ID:450188446 Htan3909@uni.sydney.edu.au Areas of Investigation: 1) Methods of control 2) Problems associated with the speed control Introduction of Induction Motor and Speed Control Induction motor is widely used in many different industries, it is a kind of machine use AC electric power to generate magnetic force and field from the stator winding. The different

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Pathophysiology and Clinical Management †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the Pathophysiology and Clinical Management. Answer: Introduction: The rationale of this essay is to provide essentials of care for patients with ischemic stroke. It follows the case study of Mr. John a, a 52-year-old patient who is admitted in the hospital after a left-sided ischemic stroke. This is a type of stoke that is characterised by an abrupt loss of blood circulation in the brain leading to loss of neurological function (Elton and Evans 2016). The patient is unconscious with Glasgow coma scale (GCS) of 1.5 and is due for discharge in the next week. The GCS is a technique system used to describe the level of alertness in an individual after a severe brain injury. Ideally, it rates the severity of an acute brain injury, and at the rate of 1.5, it shows that it is most severe (Ellis et al. 2012). Symptoms presenting in the patient include hemiparesis (Partial paralysis or weakness restricted to a side of the body), expressive dysphasia (impaired sound or language production due to impairment in the brain) and severe weakness in both limbs. According to Corbally et al. (2015), the pathophysiology of ischemic stroke is complex and includes numerous processes such as lack of energy, excitotoxicity, and disruption of the blood-brain carrier as well as infiltration of white blood cells among others. These are calculated and interrelated events that can result in ischemic necrosis that occurs in the affected. However, after some minutes of infection, the tissue in the brain affected by the reduction of blood flow is damaged and then experiences the narcotic death of cell. This core tissue is enclosed by tissues which are less affected and which are regarded silent by a reduction in the flow of blood and are metabolically active. The characteristics of Necrosis are as follows; the nuclear structure disintegrates plus presence of extrusion cells components in the cytoplasmic organelles in the extracellular space (Gladman et al. 2015). During the early stages of Ischemic penumbra the lesion are half of the total volume. However, recent studies have shown that multiple neurons in ischemic penumbra after several days or hours they can undergo apoptosis; hence theyre regained for some time following the stroke onset. Cells that undergo apoptosis are damaged from within in a proper manner that minimises disruption plus damage of neighbouring cells. Primary stroke prevention care is care and prevention techniques for persons with no history of stroke, while secondary care is a strategy of treatment in individuals with cases of stroke in the past. The risk factors can either be modified or non-modified. Non-modifiable factors can are race, age, family history of stroke, sex and ethnicity (Kruyt et al. 2014). On the other hand, modifiable factors include diabetes, lifestyle factors and hypertension to mention just a few. Stroke and Implications for Healthcare Professionals Durukan and Tatlisumak (2013) assert that nurses should develop proper strategies that will engage stroke survivors plus their relatives in achieving proper risk control as well as minimizingthe burden of stroke. For the nurses, the primary problem in secondary stroke care is educating plus encouraging strictness to prevention of secondary medication as well as lifestyle changes. Nurses have played a critical role in quality improvement care to ensure the well-being of the patients (Durukan and Tatlisumak 2013). They have the mandate to provide secondary stroke prevention care across the continuum of care. According to research, drug adherence fades away with time; hence information needs to be provided regarding secondary prevention drugs stroke patients should take following their discharge in the hospital. Post-stroke disabilities like difficulties in swallowing can interfere with medication management, hence involving family members in discussions regarding medication is very cri tical (Gladman et al. 2015). Although promotion of health is an essential aspect in nursing care, some healthcare professionals provide less client service time to it. In secondary prevention, lifestyle need as well as minimal control among ischemic survivors of stroke shows necessity of action in such case. Lifestyle changes like increase of physical activities need to be administered to each person, with signs of stroke-related deficits (Stephanie Allen and Hp 2013). Ideally, empowering stroke patients to succeed in setting their goals around healthy lifestyle choices has shown to be a useful technique. However, the trend of increasing ischemic stroke incidences globally undermines the need for working together with persons with a history of stroke to reduce or lower their recurrence risk. Hence, healthcare professionals play a pivotal role in screening for risk factors, raising awareness of risks as well as supporting stroke survivors in reducing risks especially when it comes to conforming to medications as well as lifestyle changes. However, the complexity, of behaviour change required shows that multifaceted as well as tailored techniques most probably are helpful when it comes to supporting as well as sustain change (Martino et al. 2014). Essentials of Care Using Roper, Logan Tierney Model Mr John is a 52-year-old patient admitted in stoke unit due to a left-sided ischemic stroke. In the unit, the patient is assessed using GCS to determine his consciousness. This scale consists of three tests; motor responses, verbal and eye tests. The patient didnt to respond to the verbal sounds, does not move and opens eyes only to painful stimuli. A CT scan is also vital to check for various brain structures to look out for stroke, a region with bleeding or blood clot and the type of stroke the patient is has; either ischemic or hemorrhagic (Sacco et al. 2015). However, as per the results, there is a blood clot in the brain, a sign of ischemic stroke. Mr. John used to work as an accountant before his admission in the hospital; he lives with his supportive wife and child who is 15 years. The rationale for using the case of Mr. John, a stroke patient it is because of the great public concern as per the Stroke Association. Stroke is the second largest death cause in Britain and it is mentioned that over half a million of people are disabled due to stroke, especially in England with a high disability as well as morbidity that is why it has been a keen interest to explore more about stroke, its management and essentials of care. The main reason for using Roper Tierneys activities of the daily living model is that it shows the daily living activities related to the basic human needs. They include maintaining environment safety, communication, drinking and eating, breathing, mobilising, body temperature control, sexual expression, playing and working, sleeping and dying. Maintaining environment safety is an activity that relates to patient care. According to the Human Rights Act (2012), no person shall be subject to torture, punishment or inhuman treatment. This shows that the environment in which a person is cared for needs to be maintained to ensure patients physical, psychological and mental wellbeing while also lowering the risks of infections. The Roper et al. model of activities of daily living is, therefore, a useful model for ensuring that patient needs are met, particularly the essentials of care. The model also includes care for the internal environment which is on cellular stage. Such aspect forms the basis of the recovery process for the case study of Mr. John. Through this model, a nurse can give planned care for Mr. John which will execute assessment on him. According to (Mao et al. 2016) assessment is one of the most significant elements which is considered to be first during individualised nursing. It gives vital information to the development of the action plan that improves personal health status. In this write-up we will concentrate on eating and drinking habits, mobilising, personal cleansing as well as the dressing. The rationale for choosing these activities is because they are life essentials. When a person is not mobilising state, he/she cannot execute his care as well as eating and drinking that can affect that person from socialising, giving him depress plus isolation from others. Evidently, over half of the ischemic patients admitted in hospitals have difficulties in swallowing, and their mortality is very high. Although the swallowing function of Mr. John is not mentioned in the case study, it is evident that if he cannot swallow food properly, he is at risk of choking. Individuals who have difficulties in swallowing may require fluids and nutrition delivered through a tube put in the nose. According to (Maeda et al. 2012), during admission, patients with acute stroke need to have a screening of their swallowing by a proffessional healthcare expert prior to the giving of any fluids, food or oral medication. After the admission in the unit, the swallowing test should be done by a health professional. This is done by administering small spoonful of water to the patient plus various thickening drinks to listen to the chest whether the patient can swallow without any problem. Although coughing and struggling to swallow is not mentioned for the case of Mr. John, he should be referred to the speech as well as language therapist since from his symptoms we have been told that he had expressive dysphasia. Swallowing difficulties affects about a third of persons following a stroke. When an individual cannot swallow properly, theres greater risk that food materials might block into the windpipe as well as into the aspiration thus leading to both pneumonia and chest infections. An ischemic stroke would affect Mr. Johns ability to swallow. In the past, difficulties in swallowing were once seen to occur where hemisphere was involved over the years by the stroke. However, in early days after ischemic stroke, over one-third of people with single hemiplegia would have difficulties in swallowing (Lakhan et al. 2012). For the nursing care, you can allow the patient to see and smell the food for stimulation of salivation as well as placing the food on the sensitive areas of the mouth. When doing spoon feeding to the patient, pass the food beneath his chin to allow flexion of the neck and give small portions using verbal coaching to emphasise holding of the food, chewing as well as swallowing hard. Kruyt et al. (2014) hold that you can pause between feedings to allow the patient rest and ensure all the food in the mouth is swallowed. During the meal time ,to help Mr. John seat on his bed in a proper position, make sure the surrounding area is clean as well as free from four smell. Get rid of urinals, bedpans plus such objects away from Mr. Johns sight. It is paramount that the table and a clean room provide a condusive environment for eating (Maeda et al., 2012). As he cant use his left side, when feeding, you can keep a tray on his left hand side to remind him that he can use left hand to eat. Through such, you will be encouraging the patient to use his weakened side of the body. Washing is also of great essence not only for hygiene purposes but also for self-esteem. Mr. John was unable to wash himself as well as dress due to paralysis on one side of the body. The plan here is to help the patient get full assistance from another person for personal care. This is evident from his supportive wife and child who always ensure that they meet his needs. Personal hygiene is important aspects of daily living routine for patients who cannot take care of themselves. To keep a patient remain fresh throughout the day, ensure you assist him in brushing the teeth, showering and deodorizing him, clean his nails and hair and lastly give clean clothes (Huijbregts et al. 2015). A break from such routine will give the patient a feeling of being dirty as well as cause frustration and depression. Unfortunately, personal hygiene is a challenge for Mr. John due to ischemic stroke. However, it is evident that maintaining personal hygiene boosts a persons physical as well as emotiona l well-being. In the case study presented, the patient becomes dependent due to the long-term condition; he experiences a profound low self-esteem and independence. Also, helping him to be fresh as well as looking good can be of great help to the patient. Following the brain damage due to stroke, the healthy muscle tone is lacking. Ideally, the normal movement depends entirely on the healthy muscle tone and with absence of such the patient cannot gain healthy movement. There could be a benefit in regard to the motor, sensory recovery as well as patient motivation. Mr. John can be taken to a physiotherapist for assessment of his mobility to help his condition, wellbeing and help his rehabilitation process by restoring and developing his body systems. An occupational therapist can also be of help in examining his mental, physical as well as social challenges and devices, treatments and help him with tackling of the difficulties personally. Because of lying on the bed all the time due to immobility as well as unexpected disability it has made Mr. John depressed. Depression can affect a persons life since a person cannot go out and socialize with others as he used in the earlier past without assistance. Though this, an individual can become isolated as well as frustrated plus have a feeling of worthlessness. This is presented in the case study where we know that Mr. John was an accountant and loved playing soccer. It is also mentioned in the case study that the patient was a soccer enthusiast and had team members who he had a close relationship with for a couple of years. Ultimately, the Roper, Logan and Tierney model of nursing is very helpful when it comes to assessing a patient to provide a holistic care straight from the admission of the patient to discharge. The model allows a multidisciplinary team to get involved to deliver essentials of care for patients, especially ischemic patients. It also helps identify what the stage the patient is and also provides an idea of the kind of care the patient needs. Overall, throughout this write up a learner can learn more about ischemic stroke, the causes, symptoms plus its management. It also allows a nurse or health professional know the patient, how he felt about the illness as well as how it affects a persons socially, emotionally and psychologically. Reference List Cameron, J.I., Cheung, A.M., Streiner, D.L., Coyte, P.C. and Stewart, D.E., 2014. Stroke survivor depressive symptoms are associated with family caregiver depression during the first 2 years poststroke. Stroke, 42(2), pp.302-306. Corbally, M., Macri, G. and Hawkshaw, S., 2015. An examination of the role and activities of nurses caring for patients who are admitted to a model 4 hospital as part of the National Acute Medicine Programme. Dublin City University. Durukan, A. and Tatlisumak, T., 2013. Acute ischemic stroke: overview of major experimental rodent models, pathophysiology, and therapy of focal cerebral ischemia. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 87(1), pp.179-197. Ellis, G., Mant, J., Langhorne, P., Dennis, M. and Winner, S., 2012. Stroke liaison workers for stroke patients and carers: an individual patient data meta?analysis. The Cochrane Library. Elton, J. and Evans, J., 2016. Long-term health 18 needs and rehabilitation. Nursing Practice and Health Care 5E: A Foundation Text, p.391. Gladman, J.R., Lincoln, N.B. and Barer, D.H., 2015. A randomised controlled trial of domiciliary and hospital-based rehabilitation for stroke patients after discharge from hospital. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery Psychiatry, 56(9), pp.960-966. Huijbregts, M.P., Myers, A.M., Streiner, D. and Teasell, R., 2015. Implementation, process, and preliminary outcome evaluation of two community programs for persons with stroke and their care partners. Topics in stroke rehabilitation, 15(5), pp.503-520. Kruyt, N.D., Biessels, G.J., DeVries, J.H. and Roos, Y.B., 2014. Hyperglycemia in acute ischemic stroke: pathophysiology and clinical management. Nature Reviews Neurology, 6(3), pp.145-155. Lakhan, S.E., Kirchgessner, A. and Hofer, M., 2012. Inflammatory mechanisms in ischemic stroke: therapeutic approaches. Journal of translational medicine, 7(1), p.97. Maeda, N., Kato, J. and Shimada, T., 2012. Predicting the probability for fall incidence in stroke patients using the Berg Balance Scale. Journal of International Medical Research, 37(3), pp.697-704. Mao, H.F., Hsueh, I.P., Tang, P.F., Sheu, C.F. and Hsieh, C.L., 2016. Analysis and comparison of the psychometric properties of three balance measures for stroke patients. Stroke, 33(4), pp.1022-1027. Martino, R., Pron, G. and Diamant, N., 2014. Screening for oropharyngeal dysphagia in stroke: insufficient evidence for guidelines. Dysphagia, 15(1), pp.19-30. Sacco, R.L., Toni, D., Brainin, M. and Mohr, J.P., 2015. Classification of ischemic stroke. In Stroke: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. Elsevier Inc.. Stephanie Allen, R.G.N. and Hp, C., 2013. Sponsored By: The Mary Seacole Development Awards September 2009.

Wednesday, April 15, 2020

Apply the Theoretical Approach to the Case Study Essays

Apply the Theoretical Approach to the Case Study Essays Apply the Theoretical Approach to the Case Study Essay Apply the Theoretical Approach to the Case Study Essay Use the Theoretical Approach to the Case Study Transference can be a powerful curative tool or a unsafe and counterproductive obstruction to fostering therapy. It is a procedure that triggers one’s memory to believe of a individual or clip period related to a individual in his/her life ( Woodhouse et. al. , 2003 ) . This trigger may take to projection, which can be defined as projecting the interaction between a known individual in one’s life onto another individual who is similar in facial look, voice or idiosyncrasies. In therapy, clients sometimes begin to associate to their healers as they did with person else in their lives ( Conner, 2001 ) . Counter-transference occurs when a healer treats the client as person that is or was familiar in the therapist’s personal life. Undetected, counter-transference can potentially be extremely damaging to the client’s wellbeing. Sometimes, healers may even respond to a client’s transference issues by reacting in counter-transference ( Shahar, 2004 ) . Many cases of transference and counter-transference are detected in the instance of Dr. Notcut and his clients, Arnold and Betty Celtic. It is interesting to first reference the sarcasm of Dr. Notcut’s reluctance to supply curative services to the Celtics, although he was non precisely certain why this was so. It appears, nevertheless, that Dr. Notcut felt that Mr. Celtic’s petition for therapy was slightly superficial and indefensible. However, it could besides be possible that it was due to Dr. Notcut’s subconscious sensing of possible counter-transference. This irony highlights the fact that the phenomena of transference and counter-transference can non be easy detected or predicted. It is a procedure that alternatively unravels in the procedure of therapy over clip. Although descriptions of Dr. Notcut’s relationship with her gramps was non discussed for some clip within the instance description, Dr. Notcut began doing elusive mentions to his gramps early on in his relationship with the Celtics. Dr. Notcut described the Celtics manner of dressing in what his gramps would name a â€Å"flat hat† and â€Å"bonnet† . Dr. Notcut identified a peculiar clip period of the clients’ lives to be comparative to his grandfather’s. This connexion to his gramps may hold been a elusive and benign one, peculiarly if it were an stray incident. However, it is observed that other possible issues of counter-transference occurred between Dr. Notcut and Mr. Celtic as therapy progressed. After seeing Arnold for some clip, Dr. Notcut had a dream. In the dream, Dr. Notcut experienced feelings of irritation and choler when Arnold was persistently laughed upon by others for acting a certain manner. The laughter was based on a gag initiated by Dr. Notcut. The events of the dream parallel really closely with Dr. Notcut’s described feelings of great fondness for but embarrassment toward his gramps. It is possible that counter-transference was happening as Dr. Notcut began to sympathize with and derive an apprehension of Arnold as he at the same time besides felt this empathy for his gramps. Therefore, he showed choler and perchance repent for roasting Arnold in his dream. Another country for possible counter-transference between Dr. Notcut and Arnold relates to similar parent-child relationships, in the sense that a relationship was basically non-existent between both work forces and their parents. Arnold’s parents, although present physically, were unavailable to him. As he stated, his male parent was an alcoholic, his female parent badly depressed. Dr. Notcut’s parents were besides physically present, based on his study that he visited them on a regular basis. However, as he stated, the relationship was superficial due to their dedication to their callings and deficiency of desire to raise a kid. Dr. Notcut mentioned during depth psychology that Arnold had â€Å"a deep-rooted fond regard to his father† . He added that Arnold’s ambivalency toward his male parent represented Arnold’s desire to both keep a valuable relationship with her male parent, but besides distance himself wholly. It is of import that Dr. Notcut expression within himself to detect his ain feelings toward his male parent ; and to besides screen out whether his reading is an integrating of his ain feelings and those of Arnold’s. Transference was besides detected between the Celtics. Betty mentioned that she was powerless since childhood due to her gender. Her household did non see her every bit to her male siblings, peculiarly her male parent. Therefore, Betty decided to recover control over her life as an grownup. This end to recover control was born out of her relationship with her household of beginning but was so applied to her matrimony. This determination surely led Betty to authorise herself and go a more self-asserting grownup. However, due to the transference that occurred, issues environing control in her matrimony appeared to be more hard to draw apart from household issues of control. It is besides interesting that Betty was one time the sensed â€Å"weak† individual in a relationship, and now taken complete control over state of affairss, even ruling them. Further, she even came to contemn failing and had great trouble associating to Arnold when he appeared to be weak. In her interactions with Arnold, it appears that she despises failing because it causes her to see her younger and â€Å"weaker† ego in Arnold’s minutes of failing. This transference is a contemplation of herself, but in a different clip in her life. Due to the complex nature of this signifier of transference, it can easy travel undetected and perpetuate a rhythm ; in this instance, a rhythm of control. Transference and counter-transference can be valuable tools in easing therapy and in the therapist self-reflecting sing his or her ain issues. However, these signifiers of processing may besides be damaging to the curative procedure. It is pertinent that clinicians continually self-reflect upon their ain purposes and connexions with a client’s personal narrative. Merely so can clients be served to the fullest potency. Mentions Conner, M.G. ( 2001 ) . Transference: Are you a biological clip machine? The Source. Shahar, Golan. ( 2004 ) . Transference–Countertransference: Where the ( political ) action is. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 14 ( 4 ) , 371-396. Woodhouse, S. , Schlosser, L.Z. , Crook, R. , .Ligiero, D. , A ; Gelso, C. J. ( 2003 ) . Client fond regard to therapist: Relations to transference and client remembrances of parental caregiving. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 50 ( 4 ) , 395-408.

Thursday, March 12, 2020

Free Essays on Poe And Perverseness

Poe and Perverseness An extremely common state of mind known as perverseness is, quite possibly, the strongest driving force in Edgar Allan Poe’s, The Black Cat. In every one of us, although not so strong, there is a sense of stubbornness or perverseness. However, our stubbornness, such as, we must eat at a certain restaurant or wear a certain color of shirt is of a totally different type. The perverseness in the narrator of this story is a type that could put someone in prison for the rest of his or her life. When a person has gone through as many trials and hard times in a single lifetime, the possibility of mental issues is much more prevalent. Many of the occurrences in Poe’s stories cannot be understood without knowledge of his real-life background. The life of Edgar Poe began in 1809. Throughout his young life he was a model student and athlete. He excelled in school with little or no effort and was a record holder in the long jump. After losing his mother and step-mother to tuberculosis he began attending the, newly found, University of Virginia. However, his troubles did not end there. Soon after arriving, he created a severe debt for himself through gambling and was on the verge of poverty. Being forced to leave the University, he moved in with his aunt Maria Clemm. Not knowing it, he would here find the love of his life; Virginia Clemm. Virginia Clemm, however, was his cousin. Though that was socially acceptable at the time. After ten years of marriage he would finally lose her to tuberculosis. This tragedy then sent him into a spiraling state of depression (Poe, The Mystery†¦). One occurrence at the end of the story somehow sticks out. Poe states, â€Å"I rapped heavily, with a cane which I held in my hand, upon that very portion of the brick-work behind which stood the corpse of the wife of my bosom (Poe, The Black Cat).† This statement can be translated in one of two ways: as a mark of arroganc... Free Essays on Poe And Perverseness Free Essays on Poe And Perverseness Poe and Perverseness An extremely common state of mind known as perverseness is, quite possibly, the strongest driving force in Edgar Allan Poe’s, The Black Cat. In every one of us, although not so strong, there is a sense of stubbornness or perverseness. However, our stubbornness, such as, we must eat at a certain restaurant or wear a certain color of shirt is of a totally different type. The perverseness in the narrator of this story is a type that could put someone in prison for the rest of his or her life. When a person has gone through as many trials and hard times in a single lifetime, the possibility of mental issues is much more prevalent. Many of the occurrences in Poe’s stories cannot be understood without knowledge of his real-life background. The life of Edgar Poe began in 1809. Throughout his young life he was a model student and athlete. He excelled in school with little or no effort and was a record holder in the long jump. After losing his mother and step-mother to tuberculosis he began attending the, newly found, University of Virginia. However, his troubles did not end there. Soon after arriving, he created a severe debt for himself through gambling and was on the verge of poverty. Being forced to leave the University, he moved in with his aunt Maria Clemm. Not knowing it, he would here find the love of his life; Virginia Clemm. Virginia Clemm, however, was his cousin. Though that was socially acceptable at the time. After ten years of marriage he would finally lose her to tuberculosis. This tragedy then sent him into a spiraling state of depression (Poe, The Mystery†¦). One occurrence at the end of the story somehow sticks out. Poe states, â€Å"I rapped heavily, with a cane which I held in my hand, upon that very portion of the brick-work behind which stood the corpse of the wife of my bosom (Poe, The Black Cat).† This statement can be translated in one of two ways: as a mark of arroganc...

Tuesday, February 25, 2020

GIS Report 2 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

GIS Report 2 - Essay Example Most importantly, technology, career, as well as magnet curricula are making it possible for the GIS education to penetrate into the K-12 classroom. On the contrary, other states allow teachers in responsible for teaching geography to apply GIS in their standards improvement programs without enlisting resources, support, and lessons in their geography curriculum. This discourse attempts to find software fitted with applications specially built to address particular needs of the final users in this case teachers and pupils. This takes place after making considerations involving the cons and pros. The paper also explains why it is important to make sure that the GIS contain the capacity to work with new applications and develop at the same rate with the growth of schools. The teacher should be in a position to organize information precisely, quickly, and in a reliable manner. Various research journals reveal the difficulty among different schools to implement Geographical Information Systems (GIS) especially the secondary division. However, the same studies show an improving shift in the trend towards embracing a standard learning approach where stakeholders in the education sector among them parents and department of education hold teachers accountable for the standards of learning and performance of the pupils (Cassell, & Hiremath, 2013, p. 71). This is addition to the requirements by the NO Child Left Behind program officers (NCLB). Apart from form adding the load to the educators through a set of additional issues, the shift creates room for the education sector to adopt the GIS technology in to the classroom and secondary curriculum using the appropriate standards. States that allow the application of the GIS program without resources and support among other things include Texas and apply a different program dubbed the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills

Saturday, February 8, 2020

The Effect of Clinical Simulation on Student Self Efficacy in Learning Research Paper

The Effect of Clinical Simulation on Student Self Efficacy in Learning at NSU - Research Paper Example Health care profession demands high standards of work ethics and faultlessness. Therefore, if these standards are not met self confidence tends to deteriorate. In such conditions, one tends to feed anxiety because failure is anticipated, which undermines one’s self-efficacy (Watt & Stewart, 2008). Examining the social learning theory proves to be valuable in discussing the effect of clinical simulation on self efficacy of students. According to the social learning theory, self efficacy refers to an individual's belief that he or she is capable of performing a task, in terms of organizational behavior; the higher the self efficacy, the more confidence one has in one’s capacity to perform a duty (Robbins, 2010). To explain the importance of clinical simulation, one needs to collect data regarding the incorporation of this method in teaching curriculum. Focusing on this point, clinical simulation has become an essential part of learning; state boards of nursing approve spe cific substitutions count between 10% and 25% of simulation time as clinical experience (Gaberson, Gaberson & Oermann, 2010). Nevertheless, complete comprehensive data and the performance of students need to be collected for complete analysis of the effects of clinical simulation. This study targets the students or health care professionals currently training in programs which include dealing with clinical simulation. It will give an in depth insight about the effects of clinical simulation on the future medical practice of students. Simulation is a goal-directed experimentation with dynamic models, which has time-varying characteristics and can be mathematical, symbolic or physical (Sokolowski & Banks, 2009).... This essay approves that the following exposition revolves around the basic idea, advantages, disadvantages and its probable effects on self efficacy of students and professionals of one of the methods widely used in practical learning; Simulation. For decades, research on the ways to make teaching methods more effective has been carried out around the world. Whether it be health, sports, law, politics or any other profession, incorporation of practical work is now essential in educating students belonging to diverse professions. The purpose of this study is to closely evaluate the pros and cons of clinical stimulation and all the possible ways in which one can affect the students under medical training. In depth to the whole idea of clinical simulation, emphasis is based on the self-efficacy of the medical professionals trained through clinical simulation and whether this routine has a positive or negative effect on it. Furthermore, we explore whether using artificial means of clinical education, in contrast to an actual interaction with a patient, can successfully prepare students for challenging medical emergencies they shall encounter in professional careers. This report makes a conclusion that health care simulation is therefore, a very effective way of preparing medical professionals for their medical practice on real-life patients and serious practical problems, since students can practice skills in a simulation laboratory without the constraint of a real-life situation. Since medical simulation gives an opportunity to experience a diverse range of situations, it helps enable medical professionals to deal with sudden unfamiliar complicated situations arising in real-life.